GUM AND PERIODONTAL DISEASES, CAUSES AND TREATMENTS

Gum and periodontal problems are not a very rare oral health issue. In fact, this is one of the most common problems especially among people who have poor oral hygiene. These conditions begin with a simple inflammation and swelling as well as the bleeding of the gums and it can progress to an advanced stage if it is left untreated. It can also lead to early tooth loss in severe cases and can also reach a worse stage called periodontitis.

What causes gum problems?

Gum disease start when there is an uncontrolled buildup of plaque on the surfaces of your teeth and along the gum line. Plaque formation happens when you fail to brush your teeth long after you have eaten. When these plaque are not removed, they can harden into a tartar, and that’s something that you can no longer remove with just a simple brushing. Tartar can only be scraped from your teeth when you have your dentist perform a dental cleaning for you. And if you are not regularly visiting your dentist for checkups and cleanings, the tartar will eventually develop into decay and cavities, as well as gum diseases.

When the bacteria in your mouth proliferates, your gum tissues would break down and the bacteria will continue to spread to the other tissues in your mouth and will go down until they reach the roots of your teeth. Once your tooth roots are reached by the bacteria, the supporting bone structures of your teeth will also get damaged until your tooth loosens. This scenario is specifically referred to as the recession of your gums because your gums pull away from your teeth once they start getting infected. All of these contribute to early tooth loss.

There are a couple of reasons behind gum diseases, and one of these is genetics although it does not really have a significant contribution compared to the other factors. The development of gum diseases largely rely on a person’s habits as well as his diet. If you have a poor nutrition, your immune system will not be strong enough to be able to fight off bacteria and infections. Those who are smoking are also more likely to develop not just gum disease but also lunch cancer and oral cancer. Another reason behind gum disease is stress because stress can weaken a person’s immune system.

Serious health conditions of a person can also make them prone to gum diseases especially when these conditions have something to do with a person’s immune system, just like AIDS. Diabetic patients are also more likely to develop gum problems because they are more prone to infection which is why good oral hygiene should be carefully observed. Even pregnant women are encouraged to take extra care of their oral health because their hormonal changes increase their risk of developing oral health problems. It is harmful for an expecting mother to develop problems with her teeth and gums because when she does, it can make her prone to premature delivery or low birth weight of the baby.

What are the indications of a gum disease?

  • Receding gums
  • Chronic bad breath or halitosis
  • Loosened dentures
  • Swollen or tender gums
  • Bleeding gums while flossing and brushing
  • Teeth that are creating spaces or pulling away from each other

These are just the signs of gum problems but the absence of these indications is not a guarantee that you are safe from gum diseases. This is the reason why you should constantly pay attention to your oral health because you can never tell when you’re going to develop oral health issues like these. It is also important to have regular dental checkups so that your dentist can constantly monitor the condition of your teeth and gums.

To manage and treat gums problems, here are some of the most common treatments provided:

  • Deep dental cleaning. This is a procedure performed by your dentist to ensure thorough cleaning of your teeth and gums and to help you completely get rid of tartar.
  • Flap surgery. This is another way of removing tartar from the gum line but involves the lifting back of your gums
  • Bone grafting. This procedure uses fragments of your bones to repair the bone structure which was damaged by gum infections and problems.

For more information on the gum and periodontal diseases and treatments, you can call Manchester Smiles at (860) 265-8047, or visit our dental office at Manchester Smiles, 168 Spencer Street, Manchester, CT 06040.