You must have heard songs on how you should properly take care of your teeth and mouth, but are you doing it the right way? Yes, brushing your teeth every day is a must. But the basics of oral hygiene needs more than just a cool toothpaste and a toothbrush.
Oral hygiene is concerned with maintaining a clean and healthy set of teeth, gums and the whole mouth. It also involves the prevention and cure of oral diseases such as tooth decays, cavities, halitosis (bad breath), and gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis.
What are the signs of a healthy mouth?
The first sign of a healthy mouth is having teeth that are clean and free from any debris or decay.A complete set of pearly white teeth is an indication of a healthy mouth.Having pink and healthy gums is another sign.Healthy gums are not swollen, and do not bleed or hurt when you brush or floss.
Swelling and bleeding may mean having gum diseases like gingivitis caused by the bacteria that build up around and between the teeth and gums.If bad breath is not a constant problem or concern, then your mouth is healthy. Not only does it make you more confident, it also reflects that you are clean and healthy.
What are the basic practices of Oral Hygiene?
Our first line of defense against oral and dental problems are the most basic things we do every single day.
- Brush your teeth.
Regular brushing helps maintain a healthy mouth. It is the cheapest and most basic step in oral hygiene. Brushing at least twice a day help maintain oral health. It helps remove debris from the food that we eat that get stuck in between the teeth. Use a toothbrush that has soft, gentle bristle to prevent any damages on the sensitive surface of your gums. Gum diseases usually start from any gum sores or minor injuries we get from rough brushes.
Here the proper steps in brushing your teeth:
- Place your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle.
- Move the brush back and forth gently in short (tooth-wide) strokes.
- Brush the outer, the inner, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth.
- Clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, making sure that you use a gentle up-and-down stroke.
- Do not forget to brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath.
- Use Fluoride toothpaste
The best partner of a good toothbrush is a trusty toothpaste. It is always advisable to use toothpaste with fluoride- a substance which helps protect the teeth from cavities and tooth decays. Toothpastes also have substances like calcium carbonate, hydrated aluminum oxides, magnesium carbonate, dehydrated silica gels, phosphate salts and silicates found in most toothpastes are mild abrasives that can help you scrape out those debris and stains that stick to your teeth.
Aside from having pro-teeth-and-gum substances, most toothpastes in the market are menthol flavored, which is also a great help in keeping your mouth feeling clean and fresh for a long period of time.
- Floss regularly
Sometimes, merely brushing your teeth does not guarantee you of having a healthy mouth. Some food get stuck in between your teeth and, unfortunately cannot be removed by brushing. Using floss can help take out the debris, which may cause further damages to both the teeth and gums.
Here’s how you should floss:
- Break off about 18 inches of floss then wind the floss around the middle fingers of each hand. Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers.
- Guide the floss in between your teeth and use a gentle rubbing motion to clean the area.
- Curve the floss into C-shape against one tooth when it reaches the gum area. Gently slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth.
- Bring the floss back toward the contact point between the teeth.Move the floss up or down the other side, conforming the floss to the shape of the tooth.
- Hold the floss tightly against the tooth and gently rub the side of the tooth, moving the floss away from the gum using the up-and-down motions.
- Repeat this method on the rest of your teeth.
- Gargle with Mouth wash/rinse
Another way of maintaining a healthy, fresh-smelling mouth is through using mouth wash or mouth rinse. Mouthwash also contain substances that help eradicate germs, and bacteria thriving in your mouth. Since it is in a liquid form, it can reach areas that floss and brush cannot. it can help maintain healthy gums and strong teeth. Some mouthwashes are intended to ease or cure some mouth problems, like swollen gums or mouth ulcer. Another good thing about using mouthwash is that it can also help you keep your breath fresh because of the variety of flavors and scents you can choose from.
With these steps, you will see how cleaner your mouth feels. Oral hygiene doesn’t just depend on the items you use. Rather, it depends on your dedication to have a healthier and fresh smelling mouth all day every day!